The coatimundi is a member of the raccoon family that is diurnal, meaning it is out mainly during the day.  The coatimundi is an omnivore that eats both plants and meat.  They have long noses that that are used to poke under rocks and crevices looking for insects and small animals.

Lifespan

Coatimundis in the wild typically live between 7 and 8 years.  In captivity Coatimundis can live between 15 and 16 years of age.

Shape & Size

Coatimundis are typically between 13 and 27 inches from the tip of their nose to the base of their tail which can be as long as their bodies.  They weigh anywhere between 4.4 and 17.6 pounds.  Males are typically larger than the females.

Color Pattern

Coatimundis have either a light brown or black coat and have a long ringed tail.  They have paws like raccoons.  Coatimundis have a long snout that is some-what like a pigs snout and is very flexible, being able to be moved 60 degrees in any direction. 

Behavior

Unlike most members of the raccoon family, coatimundis are diurnal, they are more active during the day than at night.  Female coatimundis often form loosely organized groups that can be up to 25 individuals, the males are typically solitary due to aggressive tendencies.

Habitat

Coatimundis are widespread and live in habitats ranging from hot and arid areas to humid rainforests and even the cold mountains for the Andes.

Principal Threats

The coatimundi’s principal threat is habitat loss.  Though these animals are very adaptable they are running out of available land to keep their numbers up.

Nasuella olivacea

Range Map

Range

Coatimunidis are found from South America, down through Central America and into Brazil.

Food

Coatimundis are omnivores.  They eat mostly ground insects and fruits.  They spend a lot of time foraging for good, but will also eat small vertebrates such as lizards and rodents.

Reproductive Habits

Coatimundis become sexually mature at about 2 years of age.  Their gestation period is about 77 days.  Coatimundi litters typically have between 3-5 offspring.

Behavior

Coatimundis spend most of their day foraging for food, unlike their other relatives in the raccoon family that are typically nocturnal.  When provoked or for defense coatimundis can be very fierce, using their sharp teeth and claws to attack potential predators.  Coatimundis will use various sounds to communicate their intentions within the group with chirping or grunting sounds.  Coatimundis have scent glands on their necks and bellies that are used to mark territory and to recognize one another.

Conservation

Coatimundis are classified as least concern by the IUCN Red List.

Fun Facts

  • Coatimundis make treetop in the rainforest their home, by building twig-and-leaf nests in the branches for the babies
  • Coatimundis are very chatty and make a variety of noises such as clicking, grunts, whistles, and barks as they forage for food
  • Coatimundis can move up to 15 mph
  • Coatimundis are excellent climbers and good swimmers!