The bobcat is a small cat that’s habitat ranges from southern Canada to central Mexico.  Bobcats are an adaptable cat that thrives in most areas including wooded areas, semi desert, urban edge and swamplands.  There are currently 13 different species of bobcats recognized, some are listed as endangered with localized extinction in some areas.

Lifespan

Bobcats in the wild live between 7-10 years and in captivity can live up to 20 years.

Shape & Size

Adult bobcats range in size from 18.7-49.2 inches long with a short stubby tail that is only between 3.5-7.9 inches long.  An average male will weigh around 21 pounds and average female around 15 pounds.

Color Pattern

Bobcats typically have a coat color ranging from gray to brown with a whiskered face and black tufted ears.  The tufts of hair on top of their ears do not extend very far, like it does on the caracal.  Bobcats have white bellies that have darker, visible spots.

Behavior

Bobcats are mainly crepuscular meaning they are more active at dawn and dusk when their prey tends to be more active.  Bobcats are solitary cats that will hunt small prey on their own.  During winter months bobcats will become more diurnal, meaning they are more active during the day, because their prey becomes more active during that time of the year.

Habitat

Bobcats are very adaptive and can live in a variety of habitats including wooded areas, swamplands and even in urban areas.

Principal Threats

The principal threats of the bobcat are habitat loss.  They also are killed by farmers for killing off their livestock.

Lynx rufus

Range Map

Range

Bobcats can be found all over the United States up into southern Canada and down into Mexico.

Food

Bobcats primarily eat rabbits and hares, small rodents and occasionally livestock such as goats or sheep.  They are however capable of taking down prey as large as small deer.   If they kill a deer they will often return to it over the course of a couple days and continue to feed on it.

Reproductive Habits

Female bobcats give birth to typically between 2-4 kittens after 60-70 days of gestation.  The kittens stay with their mothers for about the first year, then venture out on their own after that.

Behavior

Bobcats are solitary cats that are highly adaptable.  They are found in rural and urban areas alike and as long as there is suitable habitat with plenty of prey they will make themselves at home.  Bobcats can often be heard at night fighting with rivals or other animals and many people report that it sounds like a woman’s scream.

Conservation

Bobcats are currently listed as Least Concerned in the IUCN, though some of the subspecies are becoming locally extinct due to habitat loss.

Fun Facts

  • Bobcats are named for their short tail that appears to be "bobbed".
  • Bobcats are the most abundant wild cat in the United states and have the widest range of all North American cats.
  • Bobcats can jump over 10 feet to pounce on their prey
  • Despite their size, bobcats are able to take down small deer as prey